⚁ A.9 Autism: A selected review of the literature.

Jeff Fullington and Bill Tillier

March 2023


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⚂ Adler, B. A., Minshawi, N. F., & Erickson, C. A. (2014). Evolution of autism: From Kanner to the DSM-V. In J. Tarbox, D. R. Dixon, P. Sturmey, & J. L. Matson (Eds.), Handbook of Early Intervention for Autism Spectrum Disorders (pp. 3–19). Springer New York. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-0401-3_1

⚂ Alarcón, M., Abrahams, B. S., Stone, J. L., Duvall, J. A., Perederiy, J. V., Bomar, J. M., Sebat, J., Wigler, M., Martin, C. L., Ledbetter, D. H., Nelson, S. F., Cantor, R. M., & Geschwind, D. H. (2008). Linkage, association, and gene-expression analyses identify CNTNAP2 as an autism-susceptibility gene. The American Journal of Human Genetics, 82 (1), 150–159. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajhg.2007.09.005

⚂ Amaral, D. G. (2023). Language in autism research: Accurate and respectful. Autism Research, 16 (1), 7–8. https://doi.org/10.1002/aur.2886

⚂ Ashwood, P., Wills, S., & Van de Water, J. (2006). The immune response in autism: A new frontier for autism research. Journal of Leukocyte Biology, 80 (1), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1189/jlb.1205707

⚂ Assouline, S. G., Nicpon, M. F., & Doobay, A. (2009). Profoundly gifted girls and autism spectrum disorder: A psychometric case study comparison. Gifted Child Quarterly, 53 (2), 89–105. https://doi.org/10.1177/0016986208330565

⚂ Auyeung, B., Wheelwright, S., Allison, C., Atkinson, M., Samarawickrema, N., & Baron-Cohen, S. (2009). The children’s empathy quotient and systemizing quotient: Sex differences in typical development and in autism spectrum conditions. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 39 (11), 1509–1521. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-009-0772-x

⚂ Barahona-Corrêa, J. B., & Filipe, C. N. (2016). A concise history of Asperger Syndrome: The short reign of a troublesome diagnosis. Frontiers in Psychology, 6. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.02024

⚂ Barnard-Brak, L., & Richman, D. M. (2021). Autistic and psychopathic traits among a community-based sample of adults. Deviant Behavior, 42 (8), 950–957. https://doi.org/10.1080/01639625.2019.1706357

⚂ Baron-Cohen, S. (2002). The extreme male brain theory of autism. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 6 (6), 248–254. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1364-6613(02)01904-6

⚂ Baron-Cohen, S. (2017). Editorial perspective: Neurodiversity - a revolutionary concept for autism and psychiatry. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 58 (6), 744–747. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.12703

⚂ Baron-Cohen, S., & Belmonte, M. K. (2005). Autism: A window onto the development of the social and the analytic brain. Annual Review of Neuroscience, 28, 109–126. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.neuro.27.070203.144137

⚂ Baron-Cohen, S., & Wheelwright, S. (2004). The empathy quotient: An investigation of adults with Asperger Syndrome or high functioning autism, and normal sex differences. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 34 (2), 163–175. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:JADD.0000022607.19833.00

⚂ Baron-Cohen, S., Ashwin, E., Ashwin, C., Tavassoli, T., & Chakrabarti, B. (2009). Talent in autism: Hyper-systemizing, hyper-attention to detail and sensory hypersensitivity. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 364 (1522), 1377–1383. https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2008.0337

⚂ Baron-Cohen, S., S;, K., RC, B., & MK. (2005). Sex differences in the brain: Implications for explaining autism. Science, 310 (5749), 819–823. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1115455

⚂ Bauminger, N. (2007). Brief report: Individual social-multi-modal intervention for HFASD. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 37 (8), 1593–1604. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-006-0245-4

⚂ Bertoglio, K., & Hendren, R. L. (2009). New developments in autism. The Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 32 (1), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psc.2008.10.004

⚂ Bishop, D. V. M. (1989). Autism, Asperger’s syndrome and semantic-pragmatic disorder: Where are the boundaries? International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 24 (2), 107–121. https://doi.org/10.3109/13682828909011951

⚂ Blaylock, R. L. (2008). A possible central mechanism in autism spectrum disorders, part 1. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 14 (6), 46–53. https://eutils.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/eutils/elink.fcgi?dbfrom=pubmed&amp ;id=19043938&retmode=ref&cmd=prlinks

⚂ Bock, G. R., & Goode, J. A. (Eds.). (2005). Autism: Neural basis and treatment possibilities. John Wiley & Sons. This book draws together contributions from some of the leading investigators in the field of autism to consider specific problem areas in current research. Each contributor brings expertise from a different field, providing a balanced view of the whole spectrum of study of this disorder.

⚂ Botha, M. (2021a). Academic, activist, or advocate? angry, entangled, and emerging: A critical reflection on autism knowledge production. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 727542. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.727542

⚂ Botha, M. (2021b). Critical realism, community psychology, and the curious case of autism: A philosophy and practice of science with social justice in mind. Journal of Community Psychology, jcop.22764. https://doi.org/10.1002/jcop.22764

⚂ Botha, M., & Cage, E. (2022). “Autism research is in crisis”: A mixed method study of researcher’s constructions of autistic people and autism research. Frontiers in Psychology, 13 , 1050897. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2022.1050897

⚂ Botha, M., Hanlon, J., & Williams, G. L. (2021). Does language matter? Identity-first versus person-first language use in autism research: A response to Vivanti. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-020-04858-w

⚂ Broderick, A. A. (2022). Autism, Inc: The autism industrial complex. Myers Education Press, LIC. Alicia Broderick takes on the business of autism under neoliberal capitalism. First and foremost, this book is distinguished by its refusal to be limited to any one-dimensional consideration of the autism industries. Scratching beneath the surface of these industries, Broderick exposes a diffuse and evolving underlying infrastructure—epistemological, ontological, ideological, rhetorical, discursive, bureaucratic, and legislative. This is the architecture that lies at the heart of Broderick’s articulation of an Autism Industrial Complex (AIC), a system that, she shows us, works to manufacture autism as a commodity while simultaneously establishing and legitimizing its markets. Broderick’s analysis contends that the AIC, bound by powerful and dangerous interventionist and preventionist logics, transforms all that is autistic—bodies, minds, senses, modes of relating and ways of being—into raw materials ripe for profit extraction. Of course, for autistic people, the cost of this kind of economic/extractive relation is all too high, leaving little room for autistic agency or alternate modes of being or relating and harmfully seeking to stamp out any and all forms of autistic growth and flourishing that cannot be captured and calculated by capital.

⚂ Brooks, R., Marshallsay, M., & Fraser, W. I. (2004). Autism spectrum disorder: How to help children and families. Current Paediatrics, 14 (3), 208–213. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cupe.2004.02.002

⚂ Burge, M. (2012). The ADD myth: How to cultivate the unique gifts of intense personalities . Conari Press.

⚂ Camilleri, L. J., Maras, K., & Brosnan, M. (2022). Autism spectrum disorder and social story research: A scoping study of published, peer-reviewed literature reviews. Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 9 (1), 21–38. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40489-020-00235-6

⚂ Casanova, M. F., Sokhadze, E. M., Casanova, E. L., Opris, I., Abujadi, C., Marcolin, M. A., & Li, X. (2020). Translational neuroscience in autism. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 43 (2), 229–248. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psc.2020.02.004

⚂ Cash, A. B. (1999). A profile of gifted individuals with autism: The twice-exceptional learner. Roeper Review, 22 (1), 22–27. https://doi.org/10.1080/02783199909553993

⚂ Cave, S. F. (2008). The history of vaccinations in the light of the autism epidemic. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 14 (6), 54–57. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19043939

⚂ Cederlund, M., Hagberg, B., & Gillberg, C. (2010). Asperger syndrome in adolescent and young adult males. Interview, self—And parent assessment of social, emotional, and cognitive problems. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 31 (2), 287–298. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2009.09.006

⚂ Chaidi, I., & Drigas, A. (2020). Autism, expression, and understanding of emotions: Literature review. International Journal of Online and Biomedical Engineering (IJOE), 16 (02), 94–94. https://doi.org/10.3991/ijoe.v16i02.11991

⚂ Chapman, R. (2019). Autism as a form of life: Wittgenstein and the psychological coherence of autism. Metaphilosophy, 50 (4), 421–440. https://doi.org/10.1111/meta.12366

⚂ Chapman, R. (2020). The reality of autism: On the metaphysics of disorder and diversity. Philosophical Psychology, 33 (6), 799–819. https://doi.org/10.1080/09515089.2020.1751103

⚂ Chomiak, T., Turner, N., & Hu, B. (2013). What we have learned about autism spectrum disorder from valproic acid. Pathology Research International, 2013, 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/712758

⚂ Chown, N. (2016). Understanding and evaluating autism theory. Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

⚂ Cipani, E. (2008). Triumphs in early autism treatment . Springer Publishing Company. There are many books on the behavioral treatment of autism. This book is not an ABA treatment manual. This book is a longitudinal view of the intellectual and behavioral progress of seven children who were provided early intensive ABA intervention. Each case is written from the ABA professional rendering the consultation. This book presents seven cases of young children who have achieved “best outcome” status. These children received early intensive behavioral interventions as young children and years later (in one case almost two decades later) have become indistinguishable from their same-aged peers. While there are some variations in the individualized treatment programs for these seven children, there is commonality in their adherence to the basic principles of ABA and a sincere and enduring dedication to evaluating the efficacy of any regimen or procedures on client behavior and learning. With regard to the latter, it is an essential tenet of ABA to make such evaluation an objective measurement of behavior.

⚂ Crespi, B. J. (2016). Autism as a disorder of high intelligence. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 10 . https://doi.org/10.3389/fnins.2016.00300

⚂ Crowe, B. H. A., & Salt, A. T. (2015). Autism: The management and support of children and young people on the autism spectrum (NICE Clinical Guideline 170). Archives of Disease in Childhood - Education & Practice Edition, 100 (1), 20–23. https://dx.doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2013-305468


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⚂ Dawson, G., Franz, L., & Brandsen, S. (2022). At a crossroads—reconsidering the goals of autism early behavioral intervention from a neurodiversity perspective. JAMA Pediatrics, 176 (9), 839. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapediatrics.2022.2299

⚂ Dekker, M. (2020). From exclusion to acceptance: Independent living on the autistic spectrum. In S. K. Kapp (Ed.), Autistic community and the neurodiversity movement (pp. 41–49). Springer Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-13-8437-0_3

⚂ DeLong, G. R. (1999). Autism: New data suggest a new hypothesis. Neurology, 52 (5), 911–911. https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.52.5.911

⚂ DeThorne, L. S. (2020). Revealing the double empathy problem: It’s not that autistic people lack empathy. Rather, their different neurotypes and experiences may make it harder for nonautisic people to understand them—and vice versa. The ASHA Leader, 25 (3), 58–65. https://doi.org/10.1044/leader.FTR2.25042020.58

⚂ Donvan, J. J., & Zucker, C. B. (2016). In a different key: The story of autism. Crown. This book tells the story of how and why cultural attitudes toward autism shifted so profoundly, from an era when autism was isolating and almost wholly misunderstood to today, when stars flock to a Broadway theater to talk about and raise millions for the cause. It is a story woven together from a range of sources—memoirs by parents and doctors, long-forgotten scientific writings and documentary films, newspaper clippings, archived documents, and interviews with more than two hundred people who have autism, have studied autism, or have raised children with the diagnosis. What emerges is an account of the heart, the sweat, the stubbornness, and the fight displayed by an always-evolving cast of players, whose commitment to changing the world, over three to four generations, turned autism from a condition that was barely recognized into the most talkedabout, most controversial, diagnosis of our time.

⚂ Duncan, M. M., & Holverstott, J. (Eds.). (2007). Autism spectrum disorders: A handbook for parents and professionals. Greenwood Publishing Group.

⚂ Dwyer, P., Ryan, J. G., Williams, Z. J., & Gassner, D. L. (2022). First do no harm: Suggestions regarding respectful autism language. Pediatrics, 149 (Supplement 4), e2020049437N. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2020-049437N

⚂ Earlstein, F. (2017). Autism spectrum disorder (ASD): Autism types, diagnosis, symptoms, treatment, causes, neurodevelopmental disorders, prognosis, research, history, myths, and more! Autism explained. Nrb Publishing.

⚂ Eichler, E. E., & Zimmerman, A. W. (2008). A hot spot of genetic instability in autism. New England Journal of Medicine, 358 (7), 737–739. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMe0708756

⚂ El-Ansary, A., Bhat, R. S., & Zayed, N. (2020). Gut microbiome and sex bias in autism spectrum disorders. Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40473-020-00197-3

⚂ Evans, B. (2017). The metamorphosis of autism: A history of child development in Britain. Manchester University Press. Autism is an essential concept used in the description of child development and its variances. Yet the phenomenal success of autism diagnoses is relatively recent. Today, autistic spectrum disorder is regarded as a developmental condition with genetic and biochemical correlates that often persists into adulthood. … This book is about how English psychologists in the 1960s appropriated models of the unconscious infantile mind and then rebuilt them. In particular, it is about how they appropriated the concept of autism, which was, and has always remained, the kernel of all descriptions of the development of modern subjectivity and self-identity.

⚂ Exkorn, K. S. (2005). The autism sourcebook: Everything you need to know about diagnosis, treatment, coping, and healing. Walter de Gruyter. In The Autism Sourcebook, Karen provides a compelling and highly moving account of her own experiences as a mother of a child with autism. She introduces and describes the many treatments she came across in a nonjudgmental and even-handed manner. As she notes, some treatments for autism now have a strong scientific basis, whereas others are backed only by a handful of case reports. Some of these unproven treatments will be researched over the coming years—and only some of them will be shown to be effective. For parents who are struggling to decide which treatments are right for their children, this book will be an invaluable aide.

⚂ Favre, M. R., La Mendola, D., Meystre, J., Christodoulou, D., Cochrane, M., Markram, H., & Markram, K. (2015). Predictable enriched environment prevents development of hyperemotionality in the VPA rat model of autism. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 9(MAR), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnins.2015.00127

⚂ Feinstein, A. (2011). A history of autism: Conversations with the pioneers. John Wiley & Sons. It is my hope that this book—as it follows the route from Leo Kanner and Hans Asperger, through the broadening of the spectrum and key research findings along the way through to the present day—will tackle many of the myths and misconceptions and provide new insights into a condition which continues to exert such an enduring and enigmatic fascination

⚂ Feinstein, A. (2018). Autism works: A guide to successful employment across the entire spectrum. Routledge. Autism Works describes both the theory and practice of people with autism at work. Work – the physical or mental activity required to achieve a result – can be for remuneration or an activity in its own right.

⚂ Fleisher, M. (2005). Survival strategies for people on the autism spectrum. Jessica Kingsley Publishers. This book should not be regarded simply as a continuation of my autobiography, for there are a number of important differences in the aims of each. First, although I shall still be relating quite often to my own experiences here, I shall, as a rule, be talking in a more general sense. This work is primarily a guide for other individuals in a similar position to myself on developing strategies to master and cope better with new and challenging situations, chiefly catering for the age range of teenager and above.

⚂ Foss-Feig, J. H., Adkinson, B. D., Ji, J. L., Yang, G., Srihari, V. H., McPartland, J. C., Krystal, J. H., Murray, J. D., & Anticevic, A. (2017). Searching for cross-diagnostic convergence: Neural mechanisms governing excitation and inhibition balance in schizophrenia and autism spectrum disorders. Biological Psychiatry, 81 (10), 848–861. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2017.03.005

⚂ Frith, U. (2004). Emanuel Miller lecture: Confusions and controversies about Asperger syndrome. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45 (4), 672–686. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7610.2004.00262.x

⚂ Fung, L. K. (2021). Neurodiversity: From phenomenology to neurobiology and enhancing technologies . American Psychiatric Pub.


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⚂ Gabriels, R. L., & Hill, D. E. (2007). Growing up with autism: Working with school-age children and adolescents. Guilford Press. The goal of this book is to comprehensively address one of the most challenging aspects of the autism population: the needs of school-age children and adolescents with autism as they prepare for adulthood. Since the majority of individuals with autism are severely impaired and may require lifelong supports, the focus of the following chapters is on this population at a time when professionals can assist families to move beyond the stage of early intervention and consider how the fundamental difficulties of the child’s autism diagnosis may interfere with such aspects of their lives as integrated classroom settings, pubescence, and preparation for adulthood.

⚂ Gallo, D. P. (2010). Diagnosing autism spectrum disorders: A lifespan perspective . Wiley. I consider myself quite lucky to have been able to learn how to identify symptoms of the autism spectrum in an environment including other trained professionals who have had significant experience in that area and were trained by leaders in the field. What about the other professionals who do not have that opportunity or who are not exposed to individuals on the spectrum in the numbers that I have seen because of working for such a large organization? Conducting evaluations with children and teens who may have autism on an occasional, monthly, or fortnightly basis is incredibly different than seeing a half-dozen children and teens for evaluations every week for the past 10 years.

⚂ Gentil-Gutiérrez, A., Santamaría-Peláez, M., Mínguez-Mínguez, L. A., Fernández-Solana, J., González-Bernal, J. J., González-Santos, J., & Obregón-Cuesta, A. I. (2022). Executive functions in children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder in family and school environment. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19 (13), 7834. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19137834

⚂ Genuis, S. (2009). Is autism reversible? Acta Paediatrica, 98 (10), 1575–1578. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1651-2227.2009.01495.x

⚂ Gerber, J. S., & Offit, P. A. (2009). Vaccines and autism: A tale of shifting hypotheses. Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America, 48 (4), 456–456.

⚂ Geschwind, D. (2009). The vaccine-autism controversy. Nature Medicine, 15 (9), 992–992. https://doi.org/10.1038/nm0909-992

⚂ Giannotti, F., Cortesi, F., Cerquiglini, A., & Bernabei, P. (2006). An open-label study of controlled-release melatonin in treatment of sleep disorders in children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 36 (6), 741–752. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-006-0116-z

⚂ Giordano, A. C., & Lombardi, V. A. (Eds.). (2009). Causes and risks for autism . Nova Science Publishers. The terms ‘autism’ and ‘autistic’ derive from the Greek word autos, meaning self. This is appropriate to describing the autistic behavioral phenotype in which there is a pathological impairment in socialization and verbal and nonverbal communication, in addition to behavior and interests that are often highly restricted and repetitive. The autistic individual often appears isolated, and unable to make sense of the world around them. They often reveal an inability to predict and understand the behavior of others, and perceptions of the world remain fragmented and are not embedded into a coherent pattern or structure. This book discusses the causes and risks of autism from researchers around the globe.

⚂ Gordon, A., Krug, M. K., Wulff, R., Elliott, M. V., Hogeveen, J., Lesh, T., Carter, C., & Solomon, M. (2021). Components of executive control in autism spectrum disorder: A functional magnetic resonance imaging examination of dual-mechanism accounts. Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging, 6 (8), 792–801. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bpsc.2020.11.008

⚂ Grandin, T. (2004). Label of ‘autism’ could hold back gifted children. Nature, 430 (6998), 399–399. https://doi.org/10.1038/430399a

⚂ Gregg, J. P., Lit, L., Baron, C. A., Hertz-Picciotto, I., Walker, W., Davis, R. A., Croen, L. A., Ozonoff, S., Hansen, R., Pessah, I. N., & Sharp, F. R. (2008). Gene expression changes in children with autism. Genomics, 91 (1), 22–29. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ygeno.2007.09.003

⚂ Grinker, R. R. (2021). Nobody's normal: How culture created the stigma of mental illness . National Geographic Books.

⚂ Happé, F., & Frith, U. (2020). Annual Research Review: Looking back to look forward – changes in the concept of autism and implications for future research. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 61 (3), 218–232. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.13176

⚂ Harvey, D. C. (2018). Difference not disorder: Understanding autism theory in practice. Jessica Kingsley Publishers. As an entirety, the book divides into two distinctive sections. In Part I, Chapters 1 to 4 provide the reader with a historical view of the theories and approaches regarding autism, exploring how we arrived at our current constructions and interventions, and delving into some of the controversial issues around these. The aims of these chapters are (1) to further understanding of the current socio-educational practice regarding children with autism through the lens of historical insights and knowledge and, from this, (2) to inspire the reader to critically evaluate concepts and approaches when reading about autism and/or deciding upon the best interventions for individual children. …. Meanwhile, in Part II, Chapters 5 to 8, building upon the premise introduced in Chapters 1 to 4 that autism is a different way of perceiving and relating to the external world, provide practical guidance regarding behaviours, practices and methods for caring for and educating children with autism. Significantly, all aspects of the guidance given arose from the embodied knowledge of lengthy educational practice, nourished by academic study, professional in-service training and passionate personal interest.

⚂ Hertz-Picciotto, I., & Delwiche, L. (2009). The rise in autism and the role of age at diagnosis. Epidemiology, 20 (1), 84–84.

⚂ Hirota, T., & King, B. H. (2023). Autism spectrum disorder: A review. JAMA, 329 (2), 157. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2022.23661

⚂ Hollander, E., & Anagnostou, E. (Eds.). (2007). Clinical manual for the treatment of autism. American Psychiatric Pub. Whatever the cause for this increase in the demand for services of people with autism of all ages and at all levels of ability and severity, it is clear that there is a real need for clear, up-to-date, and evidence-based treatments. These treatments may address the target symptoms that cause distress and interfere with functioning, or alternatively may aim to improve the developmental trajectory of the illness. It is also clear that no one treatment fits all such individuals, because patients with autism greatly vary in intelligence, language abilities, age at first presentation, disruptive behaviors, and presence of comorbid neurological disorders such as epilepsy, and comorbid psychiatric disorders such as obsessive-compulsive disorder, bipolar disorder, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

⚂ Honey, K. (2008). Attention focuses on autism. The Journal of Clinical Investigation, 118 (5), 1586–1586.

⚂ Hoover, D. W., & Kaufman, J. (2017). Adverse childhood experiences in children with autism spectrum disorder. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 31 (2), 1–1. https://doi.org/10.1097/YCO.0000000000000390

⚂ Hughes, J. A. (2021). Does the heterogeneity of autism undermine the neurodiversity paradigm? Bioethics, 35 (1), 47–60. https://doi.org/10.1111/bioe.12780

⚂ Hull, L., Petrides, K. V., & Mandy, W. (2020). The female autism phenotype and camouflaging: A narrative review. Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40489-020-00197-9

⚂ Ibrahim, K., Eilbott, J. A., Ventola, P., He, G., Pelphrey, K. A., McCarthy, G., & Sukhodolsky, D. G. (2019). Reduced amygdala–prefrontal functional connectivity in children with autism spectrum disorder and co-occurring disruptive behavior. Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging, 18, 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bpsc.2019.01.009

⚂ Jaarsma, P., & Welin, S. (2012). Autism as a natural human variation: Reflections on the claims of the neurodiversity movement. Health Care Analysis, 20 (1), 20–30. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10728-011-0169-9

⚂ Jack, J. (2014). Autism and gender: From refrigerator mothers to computer geeks. University of Illinois Press. Autistic self-advocates and spokespeople now appear frequently in print, online, and in the media, offering their perspectives on what autism is, what it feels like, and what (if anything) they think should be done to help autistic people. In short, autism has become a site of controversy and contestation, a scene of rhetorical action, a “rhetorical phenomenon,” as Paul Heilker and Melanie Yergeau have noted. Without a clear biological marker (such as a genetic test), a clear understanding of what causes autism or how it progresses, or a clear indication of how to treat it, numerous gaps exist in which different speakers seek to intervene. … In this book I examine the way they do so using gendered characters, in particular, as a rhetorical resource. Because gendered characters are readily available in cultural narratives and discourses, they can easily be adapted to rhetorical situations involving autism. Speaking roles, or characters, are constituted in part by power relations, and, as Cheryl Glenn has noted, gender offers one index of power relations within a rhetorical situation. By taking on a particular type of gendered character—or assigning it to another individual—a rhetor is staking a claim to power. For instance, by describing mothers of autistic children as “refrigerator mothers” (who purportedly encouraged their child’s withdrawal via emotional frigidity), early autism experts claimed authority for themselves. In order to gain authority to speak about autism, mothers had to generate new roles, drawing on a different type of character, the mother-as-hero who could help “save” her child from autism. I show that gendered characters are especially common in autism discourse because they help fill gaps in knowledge or authority about autism. … The central argument of this book is that gendered characters help construct what autism is and who has authority to speak and write about it. I argue that gaps in scientific knowledge and authority over autism enable gender to become a salient rhetorical force: where knowledge or authority is lacking, gendered characters often fill in.

⚂ Jorgenson, C., Lewis, T., Rose, C., & Kanne, S. (2020). Social camouflaging in autistic and neurotypical adolescents: A pilot study of differences by sex and diagnosis. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 50 (12), 4344–4355. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-020-04491-7

⚂ Kaland, N. (2011). Brief report: Should Asperger syndrome be excluded from the forthcoming DSM-V? Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 5 (3), 984–989. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rasd.2011.01.011

⚂ Kalin, N. H. (2021). Genes, cells, and neural circuits relevant to OCD and autism spectrum disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 178 (1), 1–4. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.2020.20111605

⚂ Kallitsounaki, A., & Williams, D. M. (2022). Autism spectrum disorder and gender dysphoria/incongruence. A systematic literature review and meta-analysis. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-022-05517-y

⚂ Keating, C. T., Hickman, L., Leung, J., Monk, R., Montgomery, A., Heath, H., & Sowden, S. (2022). Autism-related language preferences of English-speaking individuals across the globe: A mixed methods investigation. Autism Research , aur.2864. https://doi.org/10.1002/aur.2864

⚂ Kim, J. Y., Son, M. J., Son, C. Y., Radua, J., Eisenhut, M., Gressier, F., Koyanagi, A., Carvalho, A. F., Stubbs, B., Solmi, M., Rais, T. B., Lee, K. H., Kronbichler, A., Dragioti, E., Shin, J. I., & Fusar-Poli, P. (2019). Environmental risk factors and biomarkers for autism spectrum disorder: An umbrella review of the evidence. The Lancet Psychiatry, 6 (7), 590–600. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(19)30181-6

⚂ Krey, J. F., & Dolmetsch, R. E. (2007). Molecular mechanisms of autism: A possible role for Ca2+ signaling. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 17 (1), 112–119. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conb.2007.01.010

⚂ Kuo, C. C., Liang, K.-C., Tseng, C. C., & Gau, S. S.-F. (2014). Comparison of the cognitive profiles and social adjustment between mathematically and scientifically talented students and students with Asperger’s syndrome. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 8 (7), 838–850. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rasd.2014.04.004


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⚂ Lanillos, P., Oliva, D., Philippsen, A., Yamashita, Y., Nagai, Y., & Cheng, G. (2020). A review on neural network models of schizophrenia and autism spectrum disorder. Neural Networks, 122, 338–363. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neunet.2019.10.014

⚂ Lee, E., Lee, J., & Kim, E. (2016). Excitation/inhibition imbalance in animal models of autism spectrum disorders. Biological Psychiatry, 81 (10), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2016.05.011

⚂ Limoges, É., Mottron, L., Bolduc, C., Berthiaume, C., & Godbout, R. (2005). Atypical sleep architecture and the autism phenotype. Brain, 128 (5), 1049–1061. https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/awh425

⚂ Liss, M., Mailloux, J., & Erchull, M. J. (2008). The relationships between sensory processing sensitivity, alexithymia, autism, depression, and anxiety. Personality and Individual Differences, 45 (3), 255–259. https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0191886908001281

⚂ Loeb, A., Rizzolatti, G., Fogassi, L., Gallese, V., Ramachandran, V. S., Oberman, L. M., Hypponen, M., Mee, L., Irwin, K. D., & Schaefer, B. E. (2006). The dark ages of the universe. Scientific American .

⚂ Lord, C., & Bishop, S. L. (2021). Let’s be clear that “autism spectrum disorder symptoms” are not always related to autism spectrum disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 178 (8), 680–682. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.2021.21060578

⚂ Lord, C., Brugha, T. S., Charman, T., Cusack, J., Dumas, G., Frazier, T., Jones, E. J. H., Jones, R. M., Pickles, A., State, M. W., Taylor, J. L., & Veenstra-VanderWeele, J. (2020). Autism spectrum disorder. Nature Reviews Disease Primers, 6 (1), 5. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41572-019-0138-4

⚂ Luiselli, J. K., Russo, D. C., Christian, W. P., & Wilcyznski, S. M. (Eds.). (2008). Effective practices for children with autism: Educational and behavior support interventions that work . Oxford University Press. Put succinctly, research must inform practitioners through scientifically controlled evaluations of methods that can be extended to “real world” settings where children with autism live, go to school, socialize, and recreate. However, identifying and validating effective practices is a complex and multifaceted process that is currently lacking consensus within the professional community and is in need of detailed explication. This book brings together multiple contemporary perspectives on intervention effectiveness in the area of autism education and behavior support.

⚂ Lyman, L. L. (2016). Brain science for principals: What school leaders need to know. Rowman & Littlefield. This book has grown out of my twenty-year interest in educational neuroscience findings and their implications for leadership of learning in schools. Neuroplasticity of the brain is today the most widely accepted conclusion of neuroscience research. Around as a theory since the mid-1800s and heavily researched during the 1990s, neuroplasticity is a term used to explain how the brain is malleable and changes throughout life. Neuroplasticity is redefining the meaning of intelligence. It is no longer acceptable for educators to continue to view intelligence as fixed at birth.

⚂ MacKenzie, K. T., & Eack, S. M. (2022). Interventions to improve outcomes for parents of children with autism spectrum disorder: A meta-analysis. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 52 (7), 2859–2883. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-021-05164-9

⚂ Maier, S., Düppers, A. L., Runge, K., Dacko, M., Lange, T., Fangmeier, T., Riedel, A., Ebert, D., Endres, D., Domschke, K., Perlov, E., Nickel, K., & Tebartz van Elst, L. (2022). Increased prefrontal GABA concentrations in adults with autism spectrum disorders. Autism Research, 15 (7), 1222-1236. https://doi.org/10.1002/aur.2740

⚂ Manoli, D. S., & State, M. W. (2021). Autism spectrum disorder genetics and the search for pathological mechanisms. American Journal of Psychiatry, 178 (1), 30–38. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.2020.20111608

⚂ Markram, H. (2007). The intense world syndrome – an alternative hypothesis for autism. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 1 (1), 77–96. https://doi.org/10.3389/neuro.01.1.1.006.2007

⚂ Markram, K., & Markram, H. (2010). The intense world theory – A unifying theory of the neurobiology of autism. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 4(December), 1–29. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2010.00224

⚂ Matson, J. L., & Sturmey, P. (Eds.). (2022). Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorder: Assessment, diagnosis, and treatment. Springer.

⚂ Megson, M. N. (2000). Is autism a G-alpha protein defect reversible with natural vitamin A? Medical Hypotheses, 54 (6), 979–983. https://doi.org/10.1054/mehy.1999.0999

⚂ Mesmere, B. S. (Ed.). (2014). New autism research developments. ‎ Nova Science. This book presents the latest research in the battle against autism. According to numerous news reports, the increase in special needs children has reached epidemic proportions. Autism is a complex developmental disability that typically appears during the first three years of life. The result of a neurological disorder that affects the functioning of the brain, autism and its associated behaviors have been estimated to occur in as many as 2 to 6 in 1,000 individuals. Autism is four times more prevalent in boys than girls and knows no racial, ethnic, or social boundaries. Autism is a spectrum disorder. The symptoms and characteristics of autism can present themselves in a wide variety of combinations, from mild to severe. Although autism is defined by a certain set of behaviors, children and adults can exhibit any combination of the behaviors in any degree of severity. People with autism process and respond to information in unique ways. In some cases, aggressive and/or self-injurious behavior may be present.

⚂ Miller, A. (2007). The Miller method (R): Developing the capacities of children on the autism spectrum. Jessica Kingsley Publishers. This new work by Dr. Miller builds on the core view regarding the education and treatment of children on the autism spectrum expressed in his earlier book, and does so in a manner that is even easier to understand and implement than previously. Indeed, Dr. Miller has created a work that is at once scholarly and practical.

⚂ Milton, D. E. M. (2012). On the ontological status of autism: The ‘double empathy problem.’ Disability & Society, 27 (6), 883–887. https://doi.org/10.1080/09687599.2012.710008

⚂ Milton, D. E. M., Waldock, K. E., & Keates, N. (2023). Autism and the ‘double empathy problem.’ In F. Mezzenzana & D. Peluso, Conversations on Empathy (1st ed., pp. 78–97). Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003189978-6

⚂ Milton, D., Gurbuz, E., & López, B. (2022). The ‘double empathy problem’: Ten years on. Autism, 26 (8), 1901–1903. https://doi.org/10.1177/13623613221129123

⚂ Mitchell, P., Sheppard, E., & Cassidy, S. (2021). Autism and the double empathy problem: Implications for development and mental health. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 39 (1), 1–18. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjdp.12350

⚂ Moldin, S. O., & Rubenstein, J. L. (Eds.). (2006). Understanding autism: From basic neuroscience to treatment. CRC Press. This volume presents a comprehensive review of the state-of-the-art research on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of autism. It also addresses potential mechanisms that may underlie the development of autism and the neural systems that are likely to be affected by these molecular, genetic, and infectious etiologies.

⚂ Monk, R., Whitehouse, A. J. O., & Waddington, H. (2022). The use of language in autism research. Trends in Neurosciences, 45 (11), 791-793. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tins.2022.08.009

⚂ Moor, J. (2002). Playing, laughing, and learning with children on the autism spectrum: A practical resource of play ideas for parents and carers. Jessica Kingsley Publishers. this book is about common sense. Mums and dads are in a prime position to help their children reach their fullest potential. Parents come armed with unconditional love, an unsurpassed knowledge of their individual child and the motivation and commitment to do ‘whatever it takes’. I hope this book will not only provide you with a collection of useful ideas but will help you find a way of playing with your child that rebuilds confidence and relationships. The ideas are there to dip in and try. Some may work, some may not – they do not constitute a task list that has to be ticked off and worked through!

⚂ Muhle, R. A., Reed, H. E., Stratigos, K. A., & Veenstra-VanderWeele, J. (2018). The emerging clinical neuroscience of autism spectrum disorder. JAMA Psychiatry. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2017.4685

⚂ Muhle, R., Trentacoste, S. V., & Rapin, I. (2004). The genetics of autism. Pediatrics, 113 (5), e472–e486. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.113.5.e472

⚂ Murray, D., Lesser, M., & Lawson, W. (2005). Attention, monotropism and the diagnostic criteria for autism. Autism, 9 (2), 139–156. https://doi.org/10.1177/1362361305051398

⚂ Myles, B. S., Swanson, T. C., Holverstott, J., & Duncan, M. M. (Eds.). (2007). Autism spectrum disorders: A handbook for parents and professionals . Praeger Publishers. With the increased number of children being diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorders, parents and professionals are in search of materials that provide information theat will enable them to better understand affected children. While in the past individuals who were diagnosed had limited verbal and intellectual skills, newly diagnosed children often have good language skills and even areas of giftedness. This A-to-Z work contains original entries on the topic of Autism Spectrum Disorders. Entries include facts about disabilities, personal and historic perspectives, interventions, assessments, educational methods, trusted internet resources, and national organizations. The work outlines the contributions of founding researchers and other professionals and includes personal perspectives from individuals with ASD and their parents. It also includes lesson plans that can be implemented in a home, school, or community setting. No other such definitive resource exists that provides both educational and practical information related to ASD.

⚂ Nation, K., & Penny, S. (2008). Sensitivity to eye gaze in autism: Is it normal? Is it automatic? Is it social? Development and Psychopathology, 20 (1), 79–97. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954579408000047

⚂ Nielsen, T. C., Nassar, N., Shand, A. W., Jones, H. F., Han, V. X., Patel, S., Guastella, A. J., Dale, R. C., & Lain, S. J. (2022). Association of maternal autoimmune disease and early childhood infections with offspring autism spectrum disorder: A population‐based cohort study. Autism Research, 15 (12), 2371-2380. https://doi.org/10.1002/aur.2824

⚂ Ozonoff, S. (2013). Editorial: Recovery from autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and the science of hope. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines, 54 (2), 113–114. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23320805


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⚂ Peake, D., Notghi, L. M., & Philip, S. (2006). Management of epilepsy in children with autism. Current Paediatrics, 16 (7), 489–494. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cupe.2006.08.013

⚂ Pellicano, E., & Houting, J. (2022). Annual research review: Shifting from ‘normal science’ to neurodiversity in autism science. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 63 (4), 381–396. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpp.13534

⚂ Pérez-González, L. A., & Williams, G. (2006). Comprehensive program for teaching skills to children with autism. Psychology in Spain, 10 (1), 37–51.

⚂ Pickles, A., Le Couteur, A., Leadbitter, K., Salomone, E., Cole-Fletcher, R., Tobin, H., Gammer, I., Lowry, J., Vamvakas, G., Byford, S., Aldred, C., Slonims, V., McConachie, H., Howlin, P., Parr, J. R., Charman, T., & Green, J. (2016). Parent-mediated social communication therapy for young children with autism (PACT): Long-term follow-up of a randomised controlled trial. The Lancet, 6736 (16). https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0140673616312296

⚂ Pollak, D. (2009). Neurodiversity in higher education: Positive responses to specific learning differences. John Wiley & Sons. This book is about a variety of types of brain. It comes at an opportune moment in the evolution of higher education (HE), as a growing number of neurodiverse students enter our universities.

⚂ Posar, A., & Visconti, P. (2022). Early motor signs in autism spectrum disorder. Children, 9 (2), 294. https://doi.org/10.3390/children9020294

⚂ Prizant, B. M., & Fields-Meyer, T. (2015). Uniquely human: A different way of seeing autism . Simon & Schuster.

⚂ Pukki, H., Bettin, J., Outlaw, A., Hennessy, J., Brook, K., Dekker, M., Doherty, M., Shaw, S. C. K., Bervoets, J., Rudolph, S., Corneloup, T., Derwent, K., Lee, O., Rojas, Y. G., Lawson, W. B., Gutierrez, M. V., Petek, K., Tsiakkirou, M., Suoninen, A., … Yoon, Wn-ho. (2022). Autistic perspectives on the future of clinical autism research [Preprint]. PsyArXiv . https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/qw5h2

⚂ Rapin, I. (1999). Autism in search of a home in the brain. Neurology, 52 (5), 902–902. https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.52.5.902

⚂ Rapin, I., & Tuchman, R. F. (2008). Autism: Definition, neurobiology, screening, diagnosis. Pediatric Clinics of North America, 55 (5), 1129–1146, viii. https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pcl.2008.07.005 papers2://publication/doi/doi:10.1016/j.pcl.2008.07.005 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18929056

⚂ Rebecchi, K. (2023, March 14). Autistic people are the salt of the Earth : Hans Asperger's last text about autism before his death - Les autistes sont le sel de la terre: le dernier texte d’Hans Asperger sur l'autisme avant sa mort. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/ahjqp

⚂ Richer, J., & Coates, S. (Eds.). (2001). Autism: The search for coherence. Jessica Kingsley Publishers. Autism has, more than most childhood problems, been understood and studied in an enormous variety of ways. There is no widely accepted ‘theory of autism’, nor an approach to investigating the condition or to its treatment. In the past there was considerable animosity between different schools of thought. Many parents found this confusing and distressing. Yet, talking to and reading about the work of researchers, clinicians and teachers, it is also clear that many are saying and doing compatible things but in different theoretical languages or with different emphases or simply talking about different aspects of the problem: physiology, psychology, education.

⚂ Riglin, L., Wootton, R. E., Thapar, A. K., Livingston, L. A., Langley, K., Collishaw, S., Tagg, J., Smith, G. D., Stergiakouli, E., Tilling, K., & Thapar, A. (2021). Variable emergence of autism spectrum disorder symptoms from childhood to early adulthood. American Journal of Psychiatry, 178 (8), 752–760. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.2020.20071119

⚂ Rodríguez, M. L. (2021). Texture in the work of Ian Hacking: Michel Foucault as the guiding thread of Hacking’s thinking. Springer.

⚂ Rubenstein, J. L. R., & Merzenich, M. M. (2003). Model of autism: Increased ratio of excitation/inhibition in key neural systems: Model of autism. Genes, Brain and Behavior, 2 (5), 255–267. https://doi.org/10.1034/j.1601-183X.2003.00037.x

⚂ Runswick-Cole, K., Timimi, S.,  & Mallett, R. (Eds.). (2016). Re-thinking autism: Diagnosis, identity and equality. Jessica Kingsley Publishers. This book is the first edited collection that is firmly located within the previously non-existent field of critical autism studies. For us, critical autism studies are concerned with two distinct but interrelated questions: 1. Is the diagnosis of autism scientifically valid? 2. Is a diagnosis of autism useful in the lives of people so labelled, their families and allies? … The broad aim of this book is to unsettle any of the current accepted understandings that view autism as a biologically based biomedical disorder or brain difference. The authors in this text seek to examine the pseudoscientific claims upon which autism as biological disorder and difference are premised as well as to explore how autism is produced, consumed and commodified, and for what purposes, in the twenty-first century, while being mindful of the impact of these debates in the lives of people labelled with autism. The book is radical in calling for a move away from diagnosing autism as the starting point for improving service provision for those who experience the type of difficulties that could lead to such a diagnosis.

⚂ Sajdel-Sul, E. M., Lipinski, B., Windom, H., Audhya, T., & McGinnis, W. (2008). Oxidative stress in autism: Elevated cerebellar 3-nitrotyrosine levels. American Journal of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, 4 (2), 73–84.

⚂ Sansosti, F. J., Powell-Smith, K. A., & Cowan, R. J. (2010). High-functioning autism/Asperger syndrome in schools: Assessment and intervention. Guilford Press. This book provides answers and practical solutions to the common questions and concerns posed to us by countless educators, administrators, and student support personnel who work with children and youth with ASD. Specifically, this book provides straightforward “howto” information to assist in the development of prevention and intervention efforts to meet the academic, behavioral, and social needs of students with HFA/AS. Information shared within this book is based on our practical as well as theoretical and research knowledge about individuals with ASD. Throughout the book are numerous examples, forms, and other reproducible materials to assist educators in daily practice.

⚂ Schulz, S. E., & Stevenson, R. A. (2020). Differentiating between sensory sensitivity and sensory reactivity in relation to restricted interests and repetitive behaviours. Autism, 24 (1), 121–134. https://doi.org/10.1177/1362361319850402

⚂ Segar, M. (2009). The battles of the autistic thinker. https://autismodiario.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/02/The-Battles-of-the-Autistic-Thinker.pdf

⚂ Silberman, S. (2016). Neurotribes: The legacy of autism and the future of neurodiversity . National Geographic Books.

⚂ Singer, A., Lutz, A., Escher, J., & Halladay, A. (2022). A full semantic toolbox is essential for autism research and practice to thrive. Autism Research, aur.2876. https://doi.org/10.1002/aur.2876

⚂ Singer, J. (1998). The birth of community amongst people on the autism spectrum: A personal exploration of a new social movement based on neurological diversity (Doctoral dissertation, Honours Thesis]. Sydney: Faculty of Humanities and Social Science, University of Technology).

⚂ Singh, R., Kisku, A., Kungumaraj, H., Nagaraj, V., Pal, A., Kumar, S., & Sulakhiya, K. (2023). Autism spectrum disorders: A recent update on targeting inflammatory pathways with natural anti-inflammatory agents. Biomedicines, 11 (1), 115. https://doi.org/10.3390/biomedicines11010115 Numerous causes, including hereditary and environmental toxins, stress, weakened immunological function, mitochondrial dysfunction, and neuroinflammation, are mentioned in the unidentified pathogenesis … Immunological flaws have been linked to ASD for many years, but they have just reached their pinnacle. … This review summarizes the impact of inflammation during pregnancy that activates the maternal infection and the development of neuropsychiatric disorders such as ASD in the offspring. This review also explores biomarkers and pathology-related mechanisms that most likely regulate the various inflammatory pathways that result in damage to the developing brain. We also examine the effect of increased production of inflammatory cytokines, chemokines, and immune cells in circulation. Next, review of research on genetic variations in cytokine-related brain damage susceptibility is discussed. Finally, we discuss the effective ways to reduce these inflammatory pathways using potential neuroprotective intervention strategies. … The level of inflammatory cytokines and the dysregulation of mothers are likely factors contributing to the offspring’s delayed neurodevelopment, according to many findings from studies conducted on both humans and animals.

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⚂ Environmental and genetic factors can affect the inflammatory system, which can affect how the fetal brain develops during pregnancy. In conclusion, autistic mothers give birth to children who are underdeveloped and who can be treated with natural antiinflammatory drugs. These substances have anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects on the developing brain. As a result, when these medications are provided to expectant mothers, the problem with the inflammatory pathways in both the mother’s and the fetus’s brain may be lessened.
Note: on the figures, maternal immune activation = (MIA)

⚂ Spain, D. (2022). Psychological therapies for adults with autism. Oxford University Press.

⚂ Stone, F. (2003). Autism – the eighth colour of the rainbow: Learn to speak autistic. Jessica Kingsley Publishers. This book sets out to show that there is no autistic behaviour left to manage when the use of understanding and unconditional love leads to meaningful interaction, shared understanding and friendship. It is, then, that autism relinquishes its role of representing the whole person and becomes just the eighth colour of the rainbow.

⚂ Svoboda, E. (2020). Could the gut microbiome be linked to autism? Nature, 577 (7792), S14–S15. https://doi.org/10.1038/d41586-020-00198-y


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⚂ Takarae, Y., & Sweeney, J. (2017). Neural hyperexcitability in autism spectrum disorders. Brain Sciences, 7 (10), 129–129. https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci7100129

⚂ Tavassoli, T., Miller, L. J., Schoen, S. A., Jo Brout, J., Sullivan, J., & Baron-Cohen, S. (2018). Sensory reactivity, empathizing and systemizing in autism spectrum conditions and sensory processing disorder. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 29 (April 2017), 72–77. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dcn.2017.05.005

⚂ Thabtah, F., & Peebles, D. (2019). Early autism screening: A comprehensive review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16 (18), 3502–3502. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16183502

⚂ Thrower, E., Bretherton, I., Pang, K. C., Zajac, J. D., & Cheung, A. S. (2020). Prevalence of autism spectrum disorder and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder amongst individuals with gender dysphoria: A systematic review. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 50 (3), 695–706. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-019-04298-1

⚂ Tse, V. W. S., Lei, J., Crabtree, J., Mandy, W., & Stott, J. (2022). Characteristics of older autistic adults: A systematic review of literature. Review Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 9 (2), 184–207. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40489-021-00238-x

⚂ Turkington, C., & Anan, R. (2007). The Encyclopedia of autism spectrum disorders . Infobase Publishing. This book has been designed as a guide and reference to a wide range of issues in the field of autism and contains entries discussing the various types and subtypes of autism, symptoms, suggested causes and treatments, leading scientists, lifestyle and estate planning issues, and the latest research. Appendixes include major autism-related organizations, a “Read More about It” section featuring special books with autism information written for patients and their families, a list of ongoing current clinical trials into autism spectrum disorders, and lists of state autism-related resources. A glossary of basic medical terms and an index are also included.

⚂ Uddin, L. Q. (2013). Salience network–based classification and prediction of symptom severity in children with autism. JAMA Psychiatry, 1 –1. https://archpsyc.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?doi=10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2013.104

⚂ Vashisth, S., & Chahrour, M. H. (2023). Genomic strategies to untangle the etiology of autism: A primer. Autism Research, 16 (1), 31–39. https://doi.org/10.1002/aur.2844

⚂ Veenstra-VanderWeele, J., Christian, S. L., & Cook Jr, E. H. (2004). Autism as a paradigmatic complex genetic disorder. Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics, 5 , 379–405. Website.

⚂ Vivanti, G. (2020). Ask the Editor: What is the most appropriate way to talk about individuals with a diagnosis of autism? Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 50 (2), 691–693. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10803-019-04280-x

⚂ Volkmar, F. R., Paul, R., Klin, A., & Cohen, D. J. (Eds.). (2005). Handbook of autism and pervasive developmental disorders, diagnosis, development, neurobiology, and behavior (3rd ed.). John Wiley & Sons. This Handbook is guided by a developmental psychopathological orientation (Cicchetti & Cohen, 1995). Within this framework, principles and findings about normal development are used to illuminate how development may become derailed and lead to pathological conditions, and, conversely, studies of disorders such as autism are used to cast light on normal developmental processes. Autism and similar developmental disorders may serve as “experiments of nature.” Their underlying biology and psychology, as well as the types of adaptations that individuals can use to compensate for their difficulties, may reveal mechanisms and processes that are otherwise concealed from awareness or scientific scrutiny.

⚂ Volkmar, F., Chawarska, K., & Klin, A. (2005). Autism in infancy and early childhood. Annual Review of Psychology, 56 , 315–336. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15709938

⚂ Vollmer, T. R., Sloman, K. N., & Samaha, A. L. (2009). Self–injury. In J. L. Matson (Ed.), Applied behavior analysis for children with autism spectrum disorders (pp. 157–173). Springer New York. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0088-3_9

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⚂ Zimmerman, A. W. (Ed.). (2008). Autism: Current theories and evidence. Humana Press. Creative thinking and collaborative scientific research have advanced our understanding of autism, and we are now beginning to synthesize the data into evidence and theories. Our lack of knowledge about the causes and pathogenesis of autism has been associated with widely divergent approaches to diagnosis and management, most of which have not been subjected to rigorous scientific scrutiny. The consequence for affected families is that while they recognize the importance of early intervention for their children, they are often left with indecision and confusion as to how to proceed. This book presents current theories about autism and the evidence that supports them. The goal is to show how the scientific method is revealing the biological bases of this spectrum of disorders, thereby leading the way to their treatment and prevention using evidence-based medicine.

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